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Angiomas on the baby's skin

Angiomas on the baby's skin


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Angiomas are spots of color, usually red, that appear on the baby's skin at birth or a little later. It is normal for them to disappear on their own, as the child grows they tend to disappear, but they can also be treated with drugs, laser or surgery, in some cases.

There are several types of angiomas that can affect the newborn or baby. Generally, they are benign marks. If they are small and solitary, they do not usually cause problems, except for the aesthetic inconvenience, and they rarely ulcerate or bleed. However, occasionally, these vascular malformations can be located in areas that compress other organs or important structures such as the respiratory tract or the ocular area.

1. Marks of the stork, kiss of the angel or salmon spot.
Newborns with these salmon-colored spots, also known as stork or angel kiss marks, usually have them on their faces. They appear on the eyelids, on the forehead (angel's kiss), on the lips, between the eyebrows and on the nape of the neck. Before, there was a popular belief to associate them with unsatisfied pregnant cravings, but now we know that they are flat angiomas and that they usually disappear in a few months without major problem. The only ones that do not disappear are the salmon-colored spots on the nape of the neck, but since they are covered by hair, they are not visible.

2. Flat angiomas or vascular malformations.
They are visible from birth. The most extensive flat angiomas are vascular malformations, which need a follow-up in consultation because drugs or laser treatments are necessary to eliminate them. They do not usually grow, but they will not disappear on their own with the passage of time.

3. Strawberry angiomas.
They are raised or bulging vascular malformations. By their shape, they are reminiscent of this fruit. They may be present and visible at birth, but usually appear a few weeks later, between the second and third week of life. They are more frequent on the face and upper limbs. Girls are more predisposed to suffer from them, but they do not usually cause problems except the aesthetic one. Although at first they grow, the normal thing is that they disappear very slowly. After two years of the baby's life, most have disappeared or, at least, have begun to regress in the central zone. In complicated cases, laser treatment, corticosteroids, and surgery can be performed.

4. Mongolian stain or slate stain.
The Mongolian spot has a bluish color, and is usually located in the lower back or buttocks. It is more common in dark-skinned children and usually disappears in a few months. It has nothing to do with Down syndrome, but rather with the people of Mongolia, who are the ones with these spots most often.

Marisol New.

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