What are vegetations and how do they affect children

What are vegetations and how do they affect children

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Vegetations or adenoiditis They are a spongy tissue that is located behind the nose, at the back of the nostrils and in the upper part of the throat. Their job is to protect children from bacteria or viruses to which they are exposed by activating their defenses.

Children between 3 and 6 years old are more likely to suffer from an exaggerated size of these tissues. This is because in school age the vegetations are continuously working to protect them from the foreign agents to which they are exposed for the first time. Although they can also develop excessively from the womb. Later, as the little one grows, the tissue shrinks and tends to atrophy.

When a child suffers from an excessively large size of the vegetations, he may present the following symptoms:

1. Increase nasal mucus and suffers from recurrent colds.

2. Not being able to breathe well through the nose due to mucus they tend to breathe only through their mouth.

3. This causes vegetated children to snore and cough during sleep.

4. In some cases, the most serious, children can have pauses in breathingn what is called obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).

5. Children often present difficulty swallowing.

6. Presenting all or some of these symptoms causes children to tend to be tired during the day since during the night the quality of sleep decreases notably. This sometimes affects school failure.

7. When breathing through the mouth and having blocked airways, children with vegetations often suffer from pharyngitis, sinusitis and otitis frequently.

As recommended by pediatricians, as soon as the child has breathing difficulties or snores at night, we should go to the otolaryngologist to rule out that it is a case of vegetations.

The first treatment is administration of antibiotics to treat the infection, wash the nose with saline and apply decongestants.

If the symptoms do not subside and after taking an X-ray or visualizing the area with a camera to confirm the diagnosis, doctors recommend remove these glands in the operating room along with the tonsils. In some cases and according to the professionals, the choice is made to cauterize the vegetations instead of removing them.

Cristina González Hernando. Editor of our site

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