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Cases of hypothyroidism in pregnancy are increasing among women. Thyroid gland disorders are more common during a woman's reproductive age.
The frequency is higher among women with autoimmune diseases and although it was previously considered harmless, today we know that it can bring serious complications to the pregnant woman and her baby.
On the occasion of the celebration of European Thyroid DayIt is worth noting that a recent study, which evaluated 500,000 pregnant women in the United States, found that 15.5 percent of them had positive tests for gestational hypothyroidism, a much higher number than previously estimated.
Gestational hypothyroidism is a poorly understood pregnancy-related disease, but it is nevertheless increasingly associated with a number of relevant medical complications for women and their babies, such as difficulties in getting pregnant, miscarriage, induced hypertension pregnancy, gestational diabetes, low birth weight and abnormal fetal brain development, which can lead to a lower IQ.
The study also found that women ages 35 to 40 were 1.8 times more likely to develop gestational hypothyroidism than those ages 18 to 24. Asian women (19.3%) had the highest risk rates for hypothyroidism than any other ethnic group, while obese women, weighing more than 124 kg, were 2.5 times more likely to develop hypothyroidism in pregnancy than those with a weight between 45 kg and 56 kg.
Hypothyroidism can occur during or after pregnancy and can also affect a woman's ability to get pregnant. The difficulty in diagnosing hypothyroidism is thatmany of the symptoms of hypothyroidism are hidden by typical pregnancy symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain and abnormal menstruation, and as a consequence, the disease is neither diagnosed nor treated. Furthermore, the risk of developing hypothyroidism increases with age, precisely when women now delay their pregnancies beyond the age of 35. Symptoms of postpartum hypothyroidism can range from fatigue and depression, to irritability and weight gain.
Marisol New. Guiainfantil.com
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