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Vaccinating babies against hepatitis is the best way to prevent the risk of children coming into contact with the hepatitis virus and developing this disease, which seriously damages the functioning of the liver.
With the celebration of World Hepatitis Day (July 28), It is intended to make the population aware of the health risk posed by hepatitis in children and in pregnancy, since it is a silent disease.
In the world, about 170 million people are infected by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and one in 12 is infected by the HCV or the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D, and E cause acute and chronic infections and inflammation of the liver, which can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. These viruses represent an enormous risk to global health, as there are around 240 million people with chronic infection by hepatitis B and about 150 million people chronically infected with the virus hepatitis C.
For this reason, I think that childhood vaccination is essential so that most children create antibodies from an early age and your body recognizes the virus to fight it and prevent the disease from spreading. Currently, most official vaccination schedules in most developed countries recommend that the first dose of hepatitis B immunization for all babies be given right after birth and before leaving the hospital, and then there are new reminders at 2 and 6 months for children of seronegative mothers (HBsAg neg.). The Spanish Association of Pediatrics (AEP) recommends the first two guidelines for children of mothers who are carriers of the hepatitis B virus (HBsAg +).
The latter newborns (HBsAg + mothers) will receive in the first 12 hours of life the first dose of vaccine and 0.5 ml of hepatitis B immune globulin, the second dose of vaccine at the age of 1 or 2 months and the third dose at 6 months. If maternal serology is unknown, the first dose of vaccine should be administered in the first 12 hours of life and serology investigated immediately and, if positive, 0.5 ml of hepatitis B immunoglobulin should be administered in the first week of life (preferably in the first week of life). first 72 hours of life).
Administration of 4 doses of HB vaccine is acceptable if the combined hexavalent vaccine is used at 2, 4, and 6 months of age in children vaccinated with the first dose with a monocomponent preparation at birth. Unvaccinated children and adolescents will receive 3 doses at any age according to the guideline 0, 1, 6 months. The hepatitis A (HA) vaccine for children and babies is divided into 2 doses, with an interval of 6-12 months, starting at 12 months of age.
TheWorld Hepatitis Day, established by WHO, aims to promote awareness and dissemination of knowledge about viral hepatitis and the diseases they cause. The conference will provide the opportunity to focus attention on specific measures, such as prevention, which is possible if the appropriate precautions are taken, such as not coming into contact with the blood or feces of an infected person. It is essential to wash your hands well after using the bathroom and avoid drinking contaminated water or eating animals such as fish or shellfish that have developed in them.
Marisol New. Guiainfantil.com
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