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What is Hepatitis? Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can cause abdominal pain, fatigue, fever, itching, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. The severity of the hepatitis in pregnancy It depends on many factors.
Hepatitis can start and get better quickly (acute hepatitis) or it can cause a long-term illness (chronic hepatitis). Hepatitis in pregnancy can also trigger liver damage, liver failure, or even liver cancer.
- Hepatitis A. It is transmitted through water and food that has been contaminated by feces containing the hepatitis A virus. Symptoms are usually mild. There is no specific treatment, but it usually goes away without complications.
- Hepatitis B. The hepatitis B virus is spread through contact with contaminated blood or body fluids. The routes of transmission therefore include perinatal (from mother to child during pregnancy or delivery). The infection may go unnoticed or cause the above symptoms. In some cases it disappears without complications, in others chronic hepatitis develops.
The blood test performed in the first trimester of pregnancy includes the detection of the hepatitis B virus. In case of presenting the infection during pregnancy, the newborn is administered immunoglobulin and the hepatitis vaccine. B in the first hours of life to avoid infection. Breastfeeding is not contraindicated.
- Hepatitis C. The hepatitis C virus is transmitted by the same routes as the hepatitis B virus. Most infected people develop chronic hepatitis. There are drugs that decrease or eliminate the virus from the blood, thus reducing the risk of complications (cirrhosis and liver cancer).
Hepatits C virus can be detected with the first trimester blood test. In case of presenting the infection during pregnancy, the goal of maternal treatment is to lower the viral load. In this way, the risk of transmission to the newborn will be lower. Currently, there is no vaccine for hepatitis C.
- Hepatitis D. The hepatitis D virus is only found in people who carry the hepatitis B virus. Its presence can aggravate the symptoms of hepatitis B infection. Diagnosing and treating hepatitis B can help prevent hepatitis D.
- Hepatitis E. The hepatitis E virus is transmitted by the same routes as the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis E occurs in the form of epidemic outbreaks in countries where water treatment is poor.
You can read more articles similar to Causes and symptoms of hepatitis during pregnancy, in the Diseases category - on-site nuisance.