The 10 most contagious diseases of school age

The 10 most contagious diseases of school age

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With the return to the classrooms the diseases return more common and contagious among school-age children. Some are mild but bothersome and others can be very serious or life threatening.

If our child suffers from any of them, he will develop antibodies for these diseases, which will strengthen his immune system. In some cases they are more or less contagious and their appearance begins from the infant school in very early ages.

In most cases, children are vaccinated against most of these pathologies, although according to experts it is important to prevent and instill proper hygiene habits in children against possible infections at school.

1- Catarrh: School-age children often suffer from upper airway infections in the form of colds or pharyngitis. These pathologies cause nasal congestion, mucus and fever. Experts recommend in these cases the use of antipyretics but not cough suppressants, since coughing helps clear secretions from the airway. Derived from the accumulation of mucus, otitis can appear. It is the inflammation of the middle ear and can cause fever and severe pain in the ears. It is advisable to go to the pediatrician to assess the treatment to be followed either by anti-inflammatory drops or by using an antibiotic.

2- Conjunctivitis: it is an inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the eye and the eyelid on the inside. This causes tear production to increase and legañas appear. It is very easily spread and its treatment requires an antibiotic.

3- Lice: They are parasites that spread very easily, cause a lot of discomfort and are acquired almost randomly, having a special predilection for clean hair. If we detect that our child has lice, we must apply a product to eliminate them and notify the school so that the appropriate preventive measures are taken against possible infections.

4- Gastroenteriris: In the first years of schooling in children, the appearance of gastroenteritis is more common, causing vomiting, diarrhea, fever and abdominal pain. In children it is very easy to spread it through the fecal-oral route. It is essential to maintain good hydration in the child and an astringent diet, and to go to the pediatrician if we do not notice improvement with these measures.

5- Hand, foot, mouth: In early ages, the disease known as 'hand-foot-mouth' is very common. It is an infection that can be spread by contact or by breathing during the incubation period, which is usually 3 to 6 days. This ailment initially causes fever, sore throat and discomfort and then small ulcers in the form of red dots that are painful appear in the areas referred to by its name. Pediatricians advise administering antipyretics to control fever and wait for the symptoms of this virus to disappear, which usually lasts about 10 days.

6- Roseola: Roseola is also common among schoolchildren. A disease that causes a very high fever and later the appearance of little pink dots from the trunk to the extremities that do not cause itching. It is treated with antipyretics and may be accompanied by abundant mucus and a sore throat.

7- Chickenpox: It is a viral infection in which the person has blisters and is very itchy. It is spread very easily before the blisters appear until the scabs form. Despite the existence of a vaccine against this pathology, it is a disease that has reappeared in recent years among the youngest.

8- Meningitis: It is an infection of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, caused mainly by viral infections. It causes fever, nausea and vomiting and a stiff neck. To treat it requires antibiotics.

9- Measles: it is a disease caused by a virus. It is very contagious and spread by contact with droplets from the nose, mouth or throat of an infected person. It causes a rash, fever, sore throat, and white patches inside the mouth. There is no treatment to combat it. Despite the existence of a vaccine against this disease in recent years there has been a rebound in it.

10- Mumps: They are caused by a virus that is transmitted from one person to another through droplets of moisture from the respiratory tract and through direct contact with items containing infected saliva. They are very contagious. They can cause facial, head, and throat pain, swollen salivary glands, and fever. There is no treatment for this disease.

Cristina González Hernando. Editor of our site

You can read more articles similar to The 10 most contagious diseases of school age, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.

Video: Infectious Diseases. Coronavirus for Kids. What is Coronavirus. What is a virus? Virus Explained (July 2022).


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