What Causes Hip Dysplasia in Baby

What Causes Hip Dysplasia in Baby

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Congenital hip dysplasia (DCC) or developmental dysplasia of the hip is a condition in which the hip joint is not normal. Some babies are born with this malformation. In it, the head of the femur does not fit properly into the joint, which can lead to lameness and pain later on.

DCC affects 1 in 1,000 babies. Slight hip instability is seen in 1 in 3 newborns. But what causes this condition? On our site we explain it to you.

Its causes are not exactly known. Some risk factors can increase the chances that your child will be born with hip dysplasia. These factors are:

- Family background.

- Baby born in breech position.

- Decrease in amniotic fluid in the uterus.

- Musculoskeletal system disorders.

Some cultures place newborns in forced posture carrying systems with their legs stretched out and together for many hours a day. It has been proven that in these situations increases the risk of developing hip dysplasiaTherefore, it is not recommended to keep children's legs in that position, as well as non-ergonomic baby carriers that leave babies' legs hanging straight.

No relationship has been seen between hip dysplasia and current ergonomic baby carrier systems, as they keep the legs apart and usually allow free mobility of the hips (W or frog postures).

Physical examination of all newborns allows early detection of most patients. A baby with dysplasia may show no signs of the condition. The signs, which can be very subtle, vary depending on the age of the child. The doctor will look for the following signs by performing several maneuvers:

- A "hollow sound" during the opening and closing of the hips.

- Inability to move the thigh out of the hip.

- One leg shorter than the other.

- Unleveling of the fatty folds of the thigh around the groin or buttocks.

- Limping or walking on tiptoe with one of the feet, in older children.

- A curvature of the spine, in older children.

The early diagnosis of congenital hip dislocation constitutes the fundamental point to obtain a satisfactory evolution, that is, to obtain the development of a hip with normal characteristics.

Treatment for dysplasia will depend on your child's age and the severity of the dysplasia. Mild cases improve without any treatment after several weeks. The most serious cases will need orthopedic treatment and in the worst cases, reductive surgery.

If the diagnosis is made early, the doctor may order that your child wears an orthotic device known as a Pavlik harness, which consists of a set of soft straps that keep your child in a “frog position” allowing the hip joint to develop normally.

You can read more articles similar to What Causes Hip Dysplasia in Baby, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.

Video: Developmental Dysplasia of Hips Clicky Hips in Babies (July 2022).


  1. Macarthur


  2. Teithi

    Granted, this is a funny thing

  3. Nijind

    To tell the truth, at first I didn't quite understand it, but after rereading it a second time I got it - thanks!

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