Small child

How much milk and other ingredients for an infant and a few-year-old?

How much milk and other ingredients for an infant and a few-year-old?

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The World Health Organization (WHO) defines the introduction of complementary foods as a process of transition from exclusive breastfeeding to a family diet, which is from 6 to 18-24 months.

Duration of natural feeding

  • after 6 months of age it is difficult to provide the child with all the necessary nutrients by feeding exclusively on breast milk (WHO / UNICEF 1998), and the maturity of most infants allows them to feed other foods. Note, however, that new foods should be introduced gradually. Milk, whether mothers or modified (after 4 months of age) occupies a very important place in the child's daily menu.

Covering the baby's energy requirements by breastfeeding:
0 - 6 months - 100%
6 - 8 months old - 70%
9-11 months - 55%
12 - 23 months old - 40%

Basic rules for introducing complementary foods

  • the nutritional value of complementary foods should meet the child's increasing nutritional needs
  • preparation and storage of food for children should take place in hygienic conditions
  • consistency and form of administration should be age-appropriate to stimulate chewing and development of the child's skills
  • the order of introduction as for artificial infants, but it is advisable to maintain natural feeding between additional meals

Artificial feeding of infants

  • artificially fed infants starting from the age of 4 months we gradually introduce other (non-dairy) meals into the diet - starting from vegetable and fruit juices, vegetable soup, then meat, yolks and cereal meals
  • new foods are introduced individually and gradually in increasing amounts
  • individual serving size depending on the child's needs
  • appropriate level of food fineness depending on age
  • necessity of additional drinking
  • preparing meals from high-quality and chemically and biologically pure products
  • the correct way to prepare meals

Nutrition of children during early childhood and preschool age:

  • during this period a gradual transition to a diet similar to the adult diet is made
  • diet during this period is very important for the formation of correct or incorrect eating habits in later years of life

Daily energy needs for children aged 2-3


2 years - 82 kcal / kg bw

3 years - 84 kcal / kg bw


2 years - 80 kcal / kg bw

3 years - 81 kcal / kg bw

Distribution of non-protein energy supply (children 2-3 years)

  • 60-65% from carbohydrates, with reduced sugar supply (avoiding food and sweetened drinks)
  • 35-40% from fat - with a limited supply of fats containing saturated trans fatty acids and cholesterol

Recommendations for nutrient supply in children aged 2-3 years

  • protein supply at the age of 13-36 months should be around 1g / kg
  • recommended dietary fiber intake should be around 10-15g / day
  • recommended calcium intake - 800-1000 mg (400ml milk + 150g yogurt + 30g yellow cheese)

Nutrition of children during early childhood and preschool age