Pregnancy / Childbirth

Premature placental abruption - causes and treatment

Premature placental abruption - causes and treatment


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Bleeding in pregnancy appearing after 24 weeks usually indicates one of two problems: Leading placenta or premature detachment of the placenta. In this article we will discuss the latter situation. Is placental peeling too early? How can this problem be fought and prevented?

Premature detachment of the placenta, or what?

Premature detachment of the placenta can be said when the placenta separates from the uterine wall, resulting in bleeding during pregnancy. It is estimated that the problem affects 1 in 80 pregnancies and can occur regardless of the stage of pregnancy.

Usually, the placenta detaches slightly, which does not pose a greater risk. There are, however, situations when premature detachment of the placenta has an advanced form, which is a threat to the growing baby and mother. The seriousness of the situation is assessed by the doctor after checking how much the placenta has separated, how big the baby is and at what stage of pregnancy the future mother is.

Where does the problem with premature detachment of the placenta come from?

Doctors usually cannot say why the placenta is prematurely detached.

In a few cases, this is related to a pregnant belly injury, an accident. Unfortunately, in most cases the cause is unknown. It is supposed that meaning can have hypertension, birth defects of the uterus, short umbilical cord, smoking, folic acid deficiency.

Women who stop smoking after learning about pregnancy reduce their risk of placental abruption by 1/4.

Premature placental abruption - symptoms

In severe cases of detachment of the placenta appear:

  • vaginal bleeding
  • abdominal pain,
  • tactile tenderness over the uterus,
  • Cramps may occur that precede premature delivery.

How to treat premature placental separation?

Any bleeding in pregnancy requires diagnostics. When they occur, seek medical attention. It is very important to check how serious the situation is and how the child reacts to it.

In some situations, it is enough to give liquids, drips to remove the effects of blood loss. In severe cases, termination of pregnancy is necessary.

After the episode of placental abruption, constant observation of the future mother and child is necessary. Unfortunately, the risk of postpartum uterine bleeding increases.



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