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Appendicitis - what is it and what causes its inflammation?
Appendix this a few centimeters long protrusion located on the border between the small intestine and the large intestine. In itself, it has no function in our body and is a residue of intestinal formation from the period of fetal life. Is located usually on the right side of the abdomen, however, it may also be unusual.
The changed position of the appendix can make it difficult to correctly diagnose appendicitis. Not always the pain associated with inflammation is felt in the "right" part of the abdomen. For this reason, you should never underestimate the severe abdominal pain that occurs in children. It is always better to blow it cold and take your child to the hospital or pediatrician, so that the doctor can assess for himself what causes pain.
Appendicitis in children can cause several causes. The most common of them include:
- swallowing a small object and retaining it in the appendix;
- obstruction of the appendix's exit through the faeces and bacterial growth inside it;
- parasites that multiply in the appendix;
- complications after a disease (e.g. smallpox, measles, influenza) that promote the development of infection.
Appendicitis in a child - at what age does his inflammation occur most often?
Appendicitis it's quite a rare condition in children. Most often, this disease affects children aged from 6 to 12 years old, however, it can also happen to teenagers, infants and smaller children. It is very easy to overlook and ignore its symptoms or confuse them with other diseases. However, if left untreated or appendicitis detected over time, it can have very serious consequences for our child's life and health, so you should never underestimate the accompanying symptoms.
Symptoms of appendicitis - you will recognize them by this!
The most important and the first symptom that our child's appendix is ill, there is severe pain located around the navel. Depending on the position of the appendix, it may be felt on the right side of the abdomen (In most cases), in its middle or on the left.
A child who has appendicitis, he lies curled up, does not allow you to touch his tummy, and his biggest pain is not so much pressure or touching the sore spot as taking away his hand.
Acute abdominal pain also accompanies high body temperature despite the fact that the child is apparently healthy. It oscillates within limits 37-38 degrees Celsius. It also often appears an accelerated heart rate that may exceed up to 100 heart beats per minute and severe vomiting.
Appendicitis - what to do if symptoms occur?
If we observe the above-mentioned symptoms in the child, first of all let's not panic. Appendicitis is in fact completely curable and harmless to our child. However, for this to happen, we need to react early enough and see a doctor as soon as possible. In the case of the appendix, time is to our disadvantage, and inflammation itself develops very quickly.
In the hospital will be necessary examination of the child by a pediatrician and a surgeonwho will assess the severity of the inflammation and perform additional tests that will also exclude other diseases (e.g. colic, food poisoning, intestinal diseases and adnexitis in girls). However, if the diagnosis is unambiguous and means appendicitis, our child will probably have surgery. Don't worry though! This is a fairly simple and routine operation, which involves excision of the appendix and allows the child to return home after a few days.
After surgery - what is allowed and what is not allowed to the child after appendectomy?
Children usually they recover very quickly after surgery to remove the appendix. It is also worth knowing that this organ does not perform any significant function in our body, the child will not feel its absence at all and will function just as well as his peers with appendicitis.
After the procedure, however, the toddler should save himself and do not carry heavy objects or exercise for a few weeks. This should be noted until the postoperative wound is completely healed. After this time, nothing prevents the child from returning to its daily activities.