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Atopic dermatitis in infants - how to recognize and how to treat?

Atopic dermatitis in infants - how to recognize and how to treat?



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Atopic dermatitis in infants is an increasing incidence. The number of children affected by atopy increases every year. It is estimated that the number of patients has doubled in the last 9 years. He currently suffers from atopic dermatitis every fifth childand skin problems (not necessarily atopic) does every second baby.

Atopic dermatitis in infants - what is this disease?

Atopic dermatitis is one of the most popular skin conditions. His occurrence is conditioned genetic problems with the functioning of the immune system. An infant with problems with atopy may suffer from asthma, rhinitis and conjunctivitis over time.

AD is a non-infectious (cannot be infected) chronic, recurrent disease with periods of remission and relapse. The cause of the disease has not been fully understood. Factors provoking skin lesions are known. These are usually: allergens (often difficult to identify), irritants (e.g. materials), mites, hormones, as well as genetic predisposition (This does not mean that the child of parents who have no atopy problems is free from the disease. AD can also be present.) The formation of changes is conducive to dry skin and prone to irritation.

Atopic dermatitis is chronic inflammation caused by immune disorders.

When are the first symptoms of AD?

Atopic dermatitis in 60% of cases it already develops in infants, i.e. in the first year of life. The first symptoms may be visible already in the first weeks of life. The course and severity of the disease is very individual.

Most often, the most severe symptoms of atopic dermatitis disappear even in childhood, at the latest during adolescence. However, the tendency to skin changes and sensitivity of the skin is observed throughout life. In many people, atopy just changes character, turns into asthma or hay fever.

Atopic dermatitis in infants - what does it look like?

Infant atopic dermatitis usually affects facial skin (especially the cheeks) and neck. The skin is in this place red, dry, flaky and irritated. Maybe itch, which promotes scratching and deterioration of its condition. Over time, the changes can spread to the bends of the limbs. In the most severe cases, they affect the whole body.

AD symptoms:

  • skin redness
  • dry skin
  • peeling,
  • itching,
  • effusions,
  • stains, blisters with a transparent liquid,
  • exacerbation of changes after emotions experienced,
  • itchy skin after sweating
  • skin sensitivity to external stimuli, e.g. materials,
  • white dermographism - the possibility of "drawing" on the skin, white marks remain on the skin.

What to do if changes appear on the baby's skin?

When you observe skin changes in your child, necessarily consult a pediatrician. Most likely you will need a visit to a dermatologist.

It is very important not to ignore the problem, neglected can lead to many unpleasant consequences. The early determination of allergenic factors allows you to avoid them and in many cases significantly improve the appearance of the skin.

In the treatment of AD, it is indicated regularity and patience. The baby's skin should be properly nurtured, even during periods of remission when no changes are visible. First of all, care should be taken about moisturizing and oiling the epidermis using specialized preparations - emollients. It is recommended to apply at least twice a day, optimally three-four creams or lotions. The child should also be washed in liquids adapted to the needs of atopic skin. The bath should be short (beware of hot water - it may be irritating), rub the baby's skin lightly after bathing, do not rub, only apply a towel, waiting for it to absorb water.

Read about 8 mistakes in skin care with AD.

In the case of major changes it becomes necessary use of anti-inflammatory preparations, i.e. popular steroids. Unfortunately, these measures, in addition to rapid action, have many side effects, so you should use them under strict medical supervision, for a maximum of several days, after which you should take a two-week break.

In more severe cases of AD, treatment is recommended light, or phototherapy.