Hernia in a child - how to recognize and what to do with her?

Hernia in a child - how to recognize and what to do with her?

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A hernia in a child, regardless of what stage of development it arises, worries parents. Nothing unusual. It is, after all, a symptom of the pathological movement of organs beyond their natural place in the abdominal cavity. However, is a child's hernia dangerous? How to deal with her?

Hernia in a child - the most common disease of the abdominal wall

Hernia in a child can occur in both boys and girls (more often in premature babies, children with low birth weight and girls). Most often it covers the central abdominal area, less often the groin area. It develops in a weakened area, for example, at the interface of muscles, which in children are still insufficiently developed. Such areas are called hernia gates. It is through them that the intestines are pushed out, outside the abdominal area.

The hernia is felt as a slight bulge, which increases with time. For many children, the hernia goes back on its own before the toddler turns two years old. Most often it is an umbilical hernia that does not cause discomfort or pain. When a parent notices such a bulge around the navel, it is worth going to the doctor. The specialist will show you how to try to hide a hernia, which helps to close it. Often, doctors also recommend frequent laying on the baby's tummy. If this does not happen, then surgery is necessary.

When is a hernia revealed in a child?

There is a view that a hernia is the result of overload. This is not exactly the case. Exercise can activate a hernia, but it is not the cause. This lies in the birth defect (the umbilical ring does not grow), which is activated by a change in pressure.

In infants, a hernia can give symptoms already during coughing, shouting or defecation.

What does a hernia look like in a child?

Hernia in children can have different sizes. Most often walnuts less often larger tangerines. It does not have to be present all the time, it happens that it appears periodically, for example, during exercise. Initially, the characteristic bulge is soft to the touch, it can be pressed into the abdomen. Over time, it becomes harder and difficult to move.

When does a hernia in children need treatment?

Unfortunately, the hernia does not always disappear by itself. Sometimes, as the child grows, it increases in size and causes discomfort. Sometimes, because of her, the child vomits and complains about well-being. Then you need to react more decisively, it becomes necessary to undergo surgery.

A hernia, even though it worries parents, is not a serious ailment. It is not life threatening. Sometimes it disappears on its own, at other times it is necessary to perform the procedure, after which the child quickly (after about three days in hospital) returns to normal functioning. It is important to contact a doctor if you notice a characteristic relief, and remain under the care of the surgeon.


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