Pregnancy / Childbirth

Are you at risk of diabetes during pregnancy?

Are you at risk of diabetes during pregnancy?


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Diabetes in pregnancy is a disease that affects 2 to 10% of women. It is considered the most common health problem of women expecting a child. It affects future mother and developing child. Therefore, after performing a glucose test and after diagnosing too high blood sugar levels or a worrying tendency in this direction, it is advisable following a diet and following your doctor's instructions to control your sugar level. In rare cases, admission is necessary drugs.

The good news is that gestational diabetes usually passes after termination, and the body returns to functioning well after pregnancy. Unfortunately, the fact that you had gestational diabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in subsequent years of life. Therefore, you should look at your menu and lifestyle in a special way, monitoring your blood sugar level from time to time.

Diabetes in pregnancy: symptoms

Unfortunately, diabetes during pregnancy usually develops without obvious symptoms, which is why it is so important to test your blood sugar level to determine if your disease has developed and what the risk is.

Most often, the disease appears after 20 weeks of pregnancy, usually already in advanced pregnancy, in the last trimester. Most women find out about gestational diabetes during routine screening. However, a one-off result requires a repeat to confirm the diagnosis.

Some women are referred for prior examination, especially when they are genetically charged, as well as when they find sugar in their urine during testing.

Why does diabetes develop during pregnancy?

Unfortunately, doctors cannot answer the question why gestational diabetes develops in one woman and the other does not. It is certain that during pregnancy, glucose processing in the body changes, which, unfortunately, affects the increased risk of disease.

During pregnancy, the placenta produces many different hormones, almost all of which weaken the effect of insulin, which is responsible for lowering blood sugar levels. The larger the child, the more advanced the pregnancy, the worse the insulin effect.

Who is most at risk of gestational diabetes?

Diabetes in pregnancy more often affects:

  • women over 35 years old,
  • women who are overweight or obese,
  • women whose family has someone with diabetes (parent, siblings),
  • women who had diabetes in the previous pregnancy,
  • women who gave birth to a child over 4 kilograms,
  • some nationalities - Hispanic, Asian.

Diabetes in pregnancy and what's next?

After diagnosing gestational diabetes you can be referred to diabetologist, dietitian and endocrinologist. Your doctor will be motivated to learn to monitor your blood sugar levels. Usually, diet and exercise are indicated, and sometimes medication.

Specialist care will also be given after resolution to check if the young mother has a problem with high blood sugar.

Diabetes in pregnancy - what threatens the child and what is pregnant?

Most women with gestational diabetes give birth to healthy children. Unfortunately, the disease reduces the chance of a natural delivery and increases the risk of ending pregnancy by Caesarean section.

In addition, diabetes during pregnancy is associated with:

  • high fetal weight- macrosomia
  • premature delivery and breathing problems syndrome,
  • low blood sugar in the newborn - sometimes babies of mothers with gestational diabetes develop hypoglycemia just after birth because their own insulin production is too high. Feeding and sometimes intravenous glucose injection allows you to level the insulin level,
  • unfortunately, untreated diabetes can result in the death of a child during pregnancy or just after delivery.

If you have diabetes during pregnancy, you are more likely to develop your disease again in your next pregnancy. In addition, it makes a woman more likely to develop type 2 diabetes in the future. Studies have shown that one in four women who have reached optimal weight after pregnancy have developed type 2 diabetes.



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