Small child

Pneumonia in children - how to recognize, how to treat?


Symptoms of pneumonia in children may differ from those seen in adults.

Unfortunately, they are often more subtle, so it is easy to ignore them. This carries the risk of not recognizing the disease and its inappropriate treatment, which increases the risk of complications that in extreme situations can lead to the death of the child.

Causes of pneumonia in a child

Most cases of pneumonia in a child are caused by viruses, including: edenoviruses, rhinitis virus, influenza virus, RSV virus, parainfluenza.

The incubation period may vary depending on what caused the child's pneumonia. For RSV is 4-6 days, but for influenza virus 18-72 hours.

Pneumonia is contagious. Bacteria or viruses that cause them are found in mouth and nose secretions. The disease spreads during sneezing, coughing, using cutlery previously used by an infected person. Just touch the handkerchief that the sick person had previously sneezed to easily transfer the virus or bacteria away.

Symptoms of light pneumonia in children

  • faster breathing
  • shallower breathing
  • less appetite

Depending on the child's condition and type of infection, the symptoms may be mild or severe.

Pneumonia in children, caused by some bacteria, especially Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae usually cause mild symptoms. This type of pneumonia is called unusual or walking and it is mainly observed among schoolchildren.

Children with mild pneumonia do not feel sick enough to stay at home, but have symptoms that make them unhealthy:

    • dry cough,
    • wheezing
    • feverishness
    • Headache,
    • fatigue.