Small child

How to choose a child car seat?

How to choose a child car seat?


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As a traveling Dad and owner of the minitraper.pl store, I will allow myself a brief subjective instruction on how to choose a safe car seat and its proper use. It is the car seat that is most often associated with safety and family travel.

A safe child car seat is:

Car seat and good rating in crash tests

There are several tests:

  • British AA (Automobile Association),
  • Austrian OEAMTC (Österreichische Automobil, Motorrad und Touring Club),
  • American NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration),

however, the most opinion forming is:

  • German ADAC (Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil Club).

All car seats tested by ADAC have one of the currently valid European safety certificates: ECE R44 / 03, ECE R44 / 04 or i-Size approved last year.

Of course, the higher the rating in the tests, the safer the seat. The current list of grades is on the 2013 ADAC Test list. In our store we offer car seats with at least 3 stars (5 stars - very good) of the ADAC test.

The right way to attach a car seat

  • the safest - two anchor points: ISOFIX and Top Tether (TT), upper fastening belt + supporting leg (if the car seat has one)very safe - one anchor point: ISOFIX hooks + supporting leg (if the car seat has one)
  • safe - three-point car seat belt + belt tensioners and support leg (if the car seat has them)

When fastening with a car seat belt, the child seat should be installed in accordance with the installation instructions provided.

Additional equipment

  • Side Protection System (SPS - Side Protection System or SIP - Side Impact Protection) - reinforced protection of the child's head, neck and spine as well as shock absorption during side and rear collisions, as well as reflections during frontal collisions.
  • baby harness:
  1. three-point harness - less and less used
  2. five-point harness - preferred
  3. torso protection - heavily criticized
  4. car seat belts - most often used in higher groups (II / III) of car seats
  • adjustable and tilting headrest - the tilted headrest moves the center of gravity backwards, which minimizes the risk of head injuries

Safe use of the seat is:

Precise adjustment of the seat to the child's weight, age and size

  • 5 main groups of car seats:
  1. 0 (up to 10kg / up to 6 months)
  2. 0+ (up to 13kg / up to 12 months)
  3. I (9-18kg / 9 months - 4 years)
  4. II (15-25kg / 4-6 years)
  5. III (22-36kg / 6-12 years)
  •  combined groups:
  1. 0+&1
  2. II-III
  3. III-III

Criteria for replacing the seat with a higher group

  • Group 0 and 0+ car seats are replaced when:
  1. the top of the head protrudes above the outline of the seat
  2. the seat belts cannot be fastened correctly
  3. the child exceeds 10 kg (gr. 0) or 13 kg (gr. 0+)
  • Group I car seats are replaced when:
  1. the eye line is above the outline of the seat. In the case of RWF (rear-facing car seat) the top of the head decides
  2. the child exceeded 18 kg
  3. the straps come out below the shoulder line (not RWF, unless they come out at shoulder level)
  • car seats from group II-III (15-36kg / 4-12 years) - they should last until the end. If the child reaches 36 kg before 12 years of age, you can install a child booster in place of the seat and this is the only case when the use of a booster will be justified.

It is also important to install and use the seat in accordance with the attached instructions