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The size of the head should be adjusted to the age of the person, and the hardness and thickness of the fibers to individual needs and the condition of the teeth. The neck should be flexible and bend under pressure. It is also usually well profiled to make access to molars easier. The handle must be comfortable to hold and operate the brush at different angles.
We can distinguish ordinary and specialized brushes.
Ordinary is divided into:
The bunches are equipped with 2 - 3 rows of bristle tufts for the width of the head and 5 - 6 tufts for the length. They are usually placed evenly, gooseberry - one after the other or, for example, in the shape of the letter "x".
Multi-brush brushes have 3 to 5 rows of tufts in width and up to 12 in length. They can be arranged in different ways - evenly, one after the other or alternately.
- for implants
Single-brushes - they are equipped with only one bunch of bristles placed on a profiled neck, which is also a head. The small surface and bent head facilitate cleaning around the dental necks and hard-to-reach places near molars. They are recommended for people who have uneven teeth. The bristles of traditional brushes cover 2-3 teeth at a time. On the other hand, one tooth can be brushed separately. These types of brushes also help maintain oral hygiene for people with orthodontic appliances, implants and dental bridges.
Interdental brushes - can be conical, cylindrical or cylindrical. They are produced in various sizes. These types of brushes consist of a handle and a replaceable tip. This makes it easy to adjust the size to the gap between the teeth. They are a more effective alternative to dental floss. They are recommended for people in whom tartar builds up very quickly, causing the gums to recede and to expose their dental necks. Purchase of such a brush should also be considered by patients who have dental crowns and bridges.
Orthodontic brushes - are designed for people wearing dental braces. In appearance they resemble traditional brushes, the difference is the arrangement of bunches of fibers. On the outside they are longer and slightly harder, on the inside the heads are shorter and more delicate. The bristle inwardly allows the hair to be covered with braces and wires during cleaning.
Postoperative brushes - are intended for people after surgical dental procedures, e.g. surgical removal of roots, etc. Equipped with very thick and soft bristles allow for painless brushing of teeth and gums. They also have a smaller head than a standard brush, which makes it easier to dose the strength with which individual surfaces of the mouth are cleaned.
The electric brushes have built-in batteries and an electric motor, thanks to which the head simultaneously performs pulse and rotational movements with very high frequency (up to 40,000 movements per minute). They are a great solution for people who have problems maintaining proper oral hygiene using a manual brush.
The brush head, set in pulsating motion, emits ultrasounds that break the plaque and remove bacteria. These types of brushes are even softer and more effective than ordinary electric brushes. Teeth cleaning is done not so much by mechanical abrasion of the sludge, but mainly by high-frequency sounds. An ideal solution for people with sensitive gums.
What baby brush?
In the case of children, it is worth paying attention to their individual needs. In order to choose hygienic products, it is worth going to the dentist, who after the initial examination will be able to recommend the most suitable types of products. For children of several years old, you can already introduce an electric toothbrush suited to children - with softer bristles and a smaller head. However, it is worth remembering not to give up the standard brush completely, because a child up to 8-9 years old still develops manual skills. Completely replacing it with an electric brush may cause that in adulthood a person will have problems with effective brushing with a manual brush.