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Safe vacation

Safe vacation

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When planning a holiday trip, we prepare ourselves in terms of housing conditions, weather, attractions, meals ... Are we also prepared in terms of safety? I do not mean a handy first aid kit (although this is extremely important), but familiarization with the security requirements for the area in which we will be, with the signs that we can meet and the threats that may be waiting for us.

From the holiday "slip-ups" on my head I mean a few. Aunt told me how she was in Egypt many years ago. Because she enjoyed swimming at the nearby beach more than a swimming pool, she used it every day. She couldn't get over that she was the ONLY person taking a bath outside the pool. It wasn't until the last day that she asked herself at the hotel why it was so and what the large signs on the beach meant in large numbers. A hotel employee explained that this is a warning against sharks ...

We do not have to look far to come across warnings, and this is from the GOPR, WOPR or the Fire Brigade. Often the organizations I mention, as well as many others, are constantly updating the situation in their region. How many of us went to this trouble to find out before leaving if we are in danger in the area we are going to?

You can often find them on the beach, in the forest or in other places (sometimes even on notice boards in resorts), various markings, often vague for the layman. I will try to introduce some of them, and also create a guide "what? how? where? Safe on holiday "


When does the forest start burning most often? The so-called fire weather is responsible for 60% of forest fires. It is observed when the air temperature is higher than 24 ° C, the relative humidity of the air is less than 40%, there is no precipitation or cloud cover, or

It should be remembered that the provisions of Polish Law speak about safety in the forest. We are responsible for creating a threat (as parents of minors or on our own behalf) according to the provisions of Criminal Law. So let's bring the most important articles from the State Forests Act.

II. The Act of 28 September 1991 on forests (Journal of Laws of 2011, No. 12, item 59, as amended), which individual articles concern respectively:
2) making the forest available to the public - art. 26:
Permanent access is not granted to forests constituting:
1. forest crops up to 4 m high;
2. experimental plots and seed stands;
3. animal refuges;
4. sources of rivers and streams;
5. areas at risk of erosion.
3) The forest inspector introduces a periodic ban on access to the forest owned by the Treasury if:
1. there was destruction or significant damage to stands or degradation of the undergrowth;
2. there is a high fire risk;
3. economic operations related to farming, forest protection or logging are carried out.
Forests subject to permanent or periodic access bans, except for the cases specified in par. 2 point 1, shall be marked with boards saying "no entry" and an indication of the reason and date of the ban.
4) vehicle traffic and parking - art. 29.

There is also "Forest Savior vivre" created especially for people using the State Forests.

Here is its sound:

Everyone has the opportunity to enter the forest. As in every other place, you should also look after here appropriate behavior. Do not use fire in the forest, and bonfires can only be burned in designated areas (when there is no such place, it is necessary to keep a distance of 100 m from the forest border). Same as you can camp in places designated for this purpose.
Do not enter the forest by car. Take trash with you. In the forest we do not make noise, we do not disturb animals. Plants, fungi, trees and living organisms should be left intact. We can observe nature, but do not disturb others. If we enter the forest with a dog, we lead him on a leash.
The forest hosts are forestersand provides protection against damage Forest Guard. In the event of a fire, call 112 or 998. If you notice any other danger, please inform the police or forestry service.


Water Volunteer Ambulance is an organization that cares for the safety of rest over water. Every year, it plans actions to sensitize to threats that can be encountered by the water. This year, these actions are: "Safe water" and "Swimming without promils". The Act of 18 August 2011 on the safety of people in water areas.

Art. 3. Persons staying in water areas are obliged to exercise due diligence in order to protect the life and health of themselves and other persons, in particular:
1) become familiar with the rules of using a given area, object or device and comply with them;
2) comply with the imperative and prohibition signs placed by the entities referred to in art. 12 paragraph 1;
3) become familiar with and adapt their activity plans to skills and current weather conditions;
4) the use of equipment appropriate to the type of activity undertaken, technically efficient and in accordance with its purpose and rules of use;
5) immediately inform the relevant rescue services or entities referred to
in art. 12 paragraph 1 about the accident or disappearance of a person and about other extraordinary events that may affect the safety of persons.

Art. 6. The administrator of the designated water area or a person authorized by him may not
allow a person to enter this area or demand that he leave the area if the person's behavior clearly indicates that he or she is intoxicated or intoxicated.

Art. 7. It is forbidden to drive a ship or other floating object, other than a motor vehicle, in a person after alcohol use, intoxication, after using a substance similar to alcohol or under the influence of a narcotic.

In case of violation of the provisions of the Act, we are threatened fine, in extreme cases, imprisonment. We are responsible for the offenses, as in the case of forest areas according to the provisions of the Criminal Law.

If you use water baths, there is also a "Savoir Vivre", this time water. This year's "Safe Water" campaign reminds us of it:

You should bathe in places designated for this. Dangerous beaches, wild beaches are marked as "black water spots". In places not allowed for bathing there are also graphic boards or with the inscription "no bathing". When on the beach and in the water, follow the rules and instructions of the lifeguard. Especially do not jump into unknown and shallow water, do not bathe after dark, in the evening and at night. Self bathing is not recommended. It is worth remembering that even seemingly calm water can unexpectedly turn into a dangerous element.

Where is it allowed to take a bath ?:

  • for beginners, bathing areas are separated by red buoys (the depth does not exceed 120 cm)
  • behind the beginner's zone is the so-called 5 m wide safety belt, where the water depth does not exceed 130 cm.
  • the next zone is designated for people who swim well and is separated by yellow buoys (water depth can reach up to 4 meters here)

Where is NOT allowed to take a bath ?:

  • in unguarded places
  • at breakwaters
  • at dams and bridges
  • in breeding ponds and fire-fighting pools
  • in places marked as particularly dangerous ("black water points") or with a bathing ban
  • near sewers
  • on shipping routes, ports and marinas
  • in places with a swampy bottom and irregular high edges.


  • White flag - a safe place and time for bathing
  • Red flag - a place and / or time dangerous for bathing, no bathing. When a Rescuer hangs a red flag, everyone in the water must leave the water immediately!

Remember: If a storm is approaching, the tide is reaching over 70 centimeters or there are strong currents, a TOTAL and ABSOLUTE bathing ban applies!

How can you help yourself?

  • hypothermia - do some simple physical exercises, put on dry clothes
  • overheating - use a cool shower, if there is none cool it with water, neck, chest and water, move to a shady place, drink plenty of fluids
  • exhaustion of strength - lie on the water on your back, breathe regularly, try to stay calm, ask for help from someone who is within the range of the call
  • muscle cramps - take a comfortable position, try to stretch the muscle and massage the sore spot
  • choking with water - keep your face above the water surface leaning forward, try to control your cough and level your breathing, get out of the water and rest as soon as possible
  •  tangled seaweed - calmly lie on the water on your back and try, avoiding sudden movements, remove the seaweed, remember to keep the body position as horizontal as possible.


Many people prefer mountain hiking, choosing them both in winter and summer. Unfortunately, even the charming mountain areas can be very dangerous. Especially when we do not follow the basic recommendations.

First of all, when going to the mountains, you should plan your trip carefully and read all information in guidebooks and tourist maps. Then choose the route to suit your condition and time.

The basic information we should collect is:

  • determining the route,
  • collecting a list of tourist hostels,
  • walking time calculated from the starting point to the destination point,
  • locations of facilities where we can take refuge in case of weather break, and this in the mountains is not uncommon after all.
  • possible retreats when a decision is made to shorten the trip,

In the TOPR Tatras, and in the other GOPR mountains, as a result of observation of the snow cover, it announces the state of avalanche danger in the V-grade scale of avalanche danger. It is imperative to comply with these warnings, and before going to the mountains ask for information in individual mountain rescue services if it is possible to go out.


  • If you decide to go to the mountains, remember to bring a cell phone - with a well-charged power battery. Before leaving the place of accommodation, enter emergency numbers into the phone's memory, especially GOPR numbers.
  • Leave a message about the route of the trip and the estimated time of return. Especially if you're going to climb high altitudes.
  • Go to the mountains for a morning trek. The weather usually goes bad in the early afternoon.
  • There is no time or place where we are free from the risk of an avalanche going down. An avalanche can go anywhere, anytime. Nobody will give you a full security guarantee.



  1. introduce yourself
  2. Enter the phone number you are calling from
  3. Enter the address of the place where you are and characteristic points
  4. Describe the course of the accident
  5. Describe the state and number of victims of the accident
  6. Wait for the duty officer to ask you all the necessary questions and finish the conversation.
  7. Never stop talking first!

Field signals:
If the conditions make it impossible to call for help or call her by phone, we use the international signal: Any repeated optical or acoustic signal 6 times a minute (every 10 seconds) followed by a 1 minute break.
The answer to understanding the signal is the same signal, but 3 times a minutefollowed by a 1 minute break.

This way of calling for help should be used in those mountain areas from which it will be visible and audible: Tatra Mountains, Babia Góra, Bieszczady, Giant Mountains. In forested areas, optical signals will not be visible, and acoustic signals may be suppressed by trees.


  1. Akinogul

    You are wrong. I'm sure.

  2. Rian

    I agree, a very good thing

  3. Raymund

    It is remarkable, it is the amusing information

  4. Zulkis

    Strongly disagree with the previous post

  5. Henrick

    This is exactly

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