Small child

Is milk healthy?

Is milk healthy?

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Milk is the main component of food not only for humans, but for every mammal. It is in the form of white liquid that the child receives his first meals before he starts biting himself and taking solid foods. Once the children were fed exclusively on mother's milk, and if a woman could not feed for various reasons, she was replaced by suckling, and then cow's milk was given. Only recently have various types of milk replacers appeared on the market - called modified milk. Which milk will be suitable for our baby, breast, cow or modified?

Mother's natural food

Due to the fact that we are mammals, it is natural to take mother's food right after birth - just like other animals (dogs, cats, cows or chimpanzees) do. The composition of breast milk is variable, it depends on the mother's diet, but also on the stage in which she and the child are. The first food (watery) appears in the third trimester of pregnancy (antenatal discharge), which is the result of hormonal changes occurring in the mammary glands. Colostrum appears immediately after delivery (it has a yellow-orange color) - it contains the most nutrients, as well as the necessary antibodies (its secretion lasts about 4 days). The next stage is transitional milk, the production of which takes about 2 weeks until it turns into mature milk.

The basic ingredients of feminine food are: 100ml
protein about 1.2 g
fats about 3.8 g
lactose 7g
cholesterol 1.2g
calcium 33mg
vitamins: A (6mg), D (0.01mg), E (0.35mg)
mineral salts: sodium (15mg), calcium (35mg), phosphorus (15mg), magnesium (2.8mg)
water (about 87%)
antibodies - IgA, Macrophages, Ti B lymphocytes, Lactobacillus bifidus, Lactoferrin

The main ingredient in this case is water, which allows not only to satisfy the desire of the child, but dissolves minerals important for development. The protein contained in the mother's food is easily digestible and easily absorbed, which is why it is not allergic. Fats are designed to store energy and help the child's nervous system, while lactose supports the building of nerve tissue and facilitates the growth of Lactobacillus bifidus in the digestive tract.

Vitamin content in fact, it's enough for a woman's diet only D3 need to be supplemented after consultation with a pediatrician. Content sodium is negligible, thus it does not threaten small kidneys, while there is enough phosphorus and calcium in milk to ensure proper bone development. A very important component of mother's food is antibodies. Their main task is to fight viruses and bacteria. They give the child immunity (IgA), eliminate the growth of bacteria (Laktobacillus bifidus), do not allow the body to be attacked by microorganisms (lymphocytes).

The composition of breast milk is best when it contains as little protein as possible and more fat. Some doctors say that the better the mother's food, the better the future fate of the child. It all depends on how the mother eats. And breastfeeding alone should last until the baby is ready to take other meals. According to the World Health Organization babies should be breastfed only for six months, after this time the child's diet should be extended to solid foods.

Modificated milk

Every day when you switch on the television, you may come across an advertisement for modified milk. Actually, in every tangible advertising slogan there is a slogan that offered milk is most similar in composition to breast milk. Store shelves bend with milk mixes, so there is no problem buying it. Milk modification consists mainly in obtaining from the cow's milk a chemical mixture similar in composition to that of mother's milk. Is the milk mixture really similar in composition to mother's milk? In the store I bought very popular Bebiko 2 milk, the nutritional value of some ingredients is (in 100ml of ready-to-eat product):

1.4g protein
lactose 8.3g
glucose 1.6g
fat, including saturated fatty acids 1.3g, monounsaturated 1.2g, polyunsaturated 0.5g
17mg sodium
potassium 77mg
calcium 68mg
phosphorus 37mg
magnesium 4.5 mg
vitamins: A, D3, E, K1,

The packaging contains the composition: lactose milk, powdered milk, vegetable oils, milk galactoolisaccharides, polyfructose, calcium carbonate, potassium chloride, choline chloride, L-ascorbic acid and at least a few foreign-sounding ingredients, which says nothing to me as a chemical layman, and discourages me from giving this product to a child. At the very end of the composition there was a mixture of prebiotics (remember that the amount of a given ingredient in the product depends on the order of its administration by the manufacturer).

Protein in modified milk is created in such a way that it is easily digestible and easily absorbed by the small stomach, and fats after processing are very similar to those derived from mother's food. Due to the fact that cow's milk contains a small amount of lactose, the mixtures are enriched with its additional amount, so that its composition is not smaller than in breast milk.

Mixtures are often enriched prebiotics and vitamins that will strengthen the baby's immune system and take care of its proper development and there is no need to give the child additional vitamins. Although milk is modified as a treasury of vitamins, valuable microelements, but also other chemical "fillers", we can be sure that it is safe for our child.

Companies that produce baby milk must meet high safety standards when creating a formula. The composition is strictly defined, when it comes to nutrients, it must be adapted to the age of the baby, nothing can be missing in it, and even more so it cannot exceed the allowed amount. Despite the fact that the composition of modified milk is not completely deciphered, we will not find it artificial colors, gluten or preservatives. Manufacturers try very hard to make their mix resemble mother's food, but not everything can be replaced by a chemical additive. Hormones and enzymes contained in breast milk they are impossible to counterfeit, and they are responsible for the proper digestion of fats, increase the absorption of iron, have an antibacterial effect.

Cow milk

Cow's milk is available in every grocery store, there is probably no man who does not know how it tastes. For some, the food of life, for others a white killer. Until recently, commercials promoting cow's milk slogan "drink milk - you will be great" appeared on television and in the press, but when the scientists brought the battle proving that cow's milk is causing more damage than the use of advertising has ceased to appear. Is it right?

The basic ingredients of cow's milk are about (in 100g):
3.5 g protein
3.6g fat
carbohydrates 5g
calcium 118mg
phosphorus 97mg
50mg sodium

Cow's milk contains quite a lot of protein, for good reason (for comparison, human beings more than half as much). Due to the fact that cow's milk is naturally created for calves, it must contain such a large amount of protein that the young can grow quickly, but man grows a little slower. But such a high protein content has a plus, giving them to the baby is more satiated than when breastfeeding. Unfortunately, the minus is that it causes stomach upset and stomach pain in babies.

Fat content in cow's milk it is similar to human milk, but it is a slightly different type of fat because it contains less unsaturated fatty acids and is digested by the human stomach for longer. The issue of calcium content is also quite important in the case of cow's milk.

Calcium, in order for it to be absorbed by the human body at all, it must also contain the right amount of phosphorus (in human milk, calcium and phosphorus have the right amount to absorb, even ideal). Not without reason, after drinking cow's milk, we sometimes feel the sour taste in the mouth (which, unfortunately, promotes the formation of caries) is the reason for the high content of phosphorus and growth hormones, as well as a sign that the ratio of calcium to phosphorus is incorrect.

Cow's milk also contains a lot of mineral salts. Excess sodium in the human body can cause heart and kidney disease, and excess phosphorus or magnesium can cause tooth decay. Probably the biggest threat in cow's milk is the casein content, which is three times more than in human milk. Casein in cow's milk is primarily used to build bones, hooves and horns of calves. In the small human stomach, it forms thick lumps and hinders digestion, which in the future leads to gastrointestinal and excretory diseases.

Nowadays few of us have access to milk straight from the cow, so we choose milk from the store shelf in a carton - pasteurized. Unfortunately, about 99% of bacteria die during pasteurization (the dead remain in milk, decompose and become a breeding ground for microbes), and 1% (the strongest) that survive has excellent conditions for development and reproduction. Unfortunately, the enzymes contained in cow's milk, which are very important for human development, do not survive at a temperature of about 50ºC, so the pasteurization process completely destroys them.

Certainly some of you will not agree with me, because milk is so healthy and makes up the majority of food consumed throughout human life. However, the facts are facts, and the decision whether you drink them and give them to children is yours alone. Mother's milk is intended for a child, it contains basic nutrients that guarantee its proper development. Modified milk is produced better and better, but it never matches the composition of women's milk and, unfortunately, they still remain cow's milk, which is intended for calves. Remember, however, that sometimes there are times that modified milk, cow's milk, soy is the only solution ... because for various reasons a child cannot drink mother's milk.

And you, to which group do you belong: are you supporters or opponents of cow's milk? Write!