An infant's heart attack. Is it possible?

Obesity, smoking, unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, stress, diabetes, older age, male sex - mainly with such risk factors we associate with myocardial infarction. However, it turns out that a heart attack can also occur in a few-year-old child and even an infant. It is caused by a little-known disease called Kawasaki.

Attacks the youngest ...

In 2009, the media reported that the son of the famous American actor John Travolta, suddenly died of a heart attack. The boy was 16 years old. Many wondered how it is possible that a theoretically healthy, young, athletic teenager gets a heart attack. They immediately began to speculate what could be the reason for this. Among the many theories, there was also news in the press that Jett Travolta had been struggling with Kawasaki's disease since he was two years old ...

What is Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki syndrome, i.e. cutaneous-mucosal lymph node syndrome was first described by Japanese pediatrician Dr. Tomisaku Kawasaki in 1965. At that time, the doctor diagnosed her in fifty small patients and described their disease in a scientific work. This disease affects blood vessels, usually coronary. 10-40 percent during the first two weeks of its duration, aneurysmal changes occur, which can cause blood clots and subsequent blood vessels closing, resulting in a heart attack. Aneurysms can also form in other patient's internal organs such as the liver, testes, brain and kidneys. Kawasaki attacks the youngest children. 80% detected cases concern children under five years of age. The disease is usually diagnosed between 18 and 24 months of age and goes through several phases. From the acute, which lasts several days, through the period of recovery, the disappearance of symptoms - from the 20th to the 60th day of illness, to the chronic phase, when Kawasaki remains "hidden" for many years and may suddenly attack again.

Problems with the diagnosis

On online forums we can read many statements of parents who point out that this disease was left to their child diagnosed too late. They complain about incompetence, doctors' ignorance, treatment errors, misdiagnosis, referral from specialist to specialist, helplessness of pediatricians ...

Why such problems in diagnosing this disease? First of all, this disease is still relatively unknownas a result, not all pediatricians have sufficient knowledge and experience to recognize it. This is not a disease that is suspected first.

The situation is complicated by the fact that hers the symptoms are confusingly similar to many other diseases.