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Are supplements needed during pregnancy?
You can argue that not that a balanced, very careful diet allows you to provide all valuable ingredients. However, you should be aware that the demand for many important substances increases during pregnancy.
In addition, the expectant mother may have a problem with the delivery of substances important for the functioning of pregnancy, due to:
- lack of appetite
- multiple pregnancy,
- chronic diseases
- underweight before pregnancy.
Vitamin supplementation should always be consulted with a physician. It is not recommended to take any preparations on your own.
Folic acid in pregnancy
Most future mothers know about folic acid use. The effect of vitamin B9 on fetal development has been described many times. It has a huge impact on reducing the risk of neural tube defects (up to 70%).
DHA, or Omega-3 acids in pregnancy
The positive impact of DHA on the development of pregnancy and nursing mother's health has been repeatedly described in the medical literature. Its supplementation is particularly indicated in the last weeks of pregnancy and the first two years of life, when DHA has a huge impact on brain development and eye structures. In addition, it helps reduce the risk of preterm delivery.
According to Polish recommendations, pregnant women should supplement min. 200 mg DHA per day, if they consume little fish or do not eat them at all, 400-600 mg, and in the case of pregnancy with an increased risk of premature delivery, even 1000 mg DHA per day.