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Most often falling ill smallpox (windbreaker caused by the Herpes virus varicellae virus) is noted in age preschool or early school. It is during this period that the disease usually has mild course. The older the smallpox patient, the more often the disease is dangerous and its occurrence is associated with negative consequences.
There is also some risk in the case newborns and infants, especially susceptible to infections. They can be reduced by breastfeeding, which gives a chance that in the event of contact with a sick person, the baby will not become infected or will get smallpox gently.
The disease can only occur with small patches on the body, pustules may also appear on the face or cover the entire body. Smallpox suffers from children and adults around the world.
When can you get chickenpox?
About 200,000 people fall into smallpox in Poland every year. Most cases are recorded in February and March.
Smallpox can be infected not only from a person who already has pimples and is aware that he is sick, but also from a person who seems healthy. That is why smallpox is spreading very quickly.
The incubation period is from 10 to 21 days, average of 14 days. Smallpox can become infected about 2-3 days before the rash occurs and until all eruptions have dried up.
Infection occurs by droplet: by inhalation of respiratory secretions exhaled by the patient as well as during direct contact with the patient.
The first symptoms of the disease
The first sign of a potential pox virus infection is high temperature reaching up to 40 degrees. The child complains about headache, it is drowsy, sleepy, nausea may appear. The first symptoms may also be similar to a cold (a toddler may have a runny nose and feel weak).
Chickenpox: what does the rash look like?
In the following days (or the same), the child's well-being worsens an itchy rash that appears on the body as irregular pink spots, taking the form of lumps and at the end of vesicles with serous fluid. The final phase of changes are scabs, which at first hold firmly on the skin, and then dry up and fall off.
The first pimples usually appear on the torso: stomach, then spread to the cheeks, shoulders, scalp, thighs, and even around the mouth or labia, intestinal walls. The disease can occur with several eruptions and low temperatures, as well as with high fever and hundreds of eruptions occurring at various stages.
Should you vaccinate against chickenpox?
Proponents of smallpox vaccination emphasize that the disease may end with complications. They point out that while the majority of children suffered from smallpox a few dozen years ago in the early school age, now because of demographic problems the age of "passing the disease" shifts in time.