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We currently have a tool that protects 90% of women against disease. It is enough to do a simple blood test for carrying the BRCA1 gene. For women who have this gene, the probability of developing breast or ovarian cancer is 80%.
Researchers from Szczecin provide a simple test for the detection of the BRCA1 gene. The test costs about PLN 300. In people who have a history of breast or ovarian cancer in a close family the test is refunded. However, it should be remembered that not detecting mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes is not synonymous with the inability to develop breast and / or ovarian cancer in women.
Testing for the presence of the mutated BRCA gene is very simple. Just take a swab from your cheek and send the sample to the molecular laboratory.
The test should be carried out after an earlier visit to the genetic clinic. Mutations in the BRCA gene are hereditary and passed down from generation to generation.
Other factors increasing the risk of cancer:
- early age of first menstruation,
- no pregnancy,
- late age of menopause,
- no breast feeding or short-term breast feeding
- long-term use of contraceptives,
- high fat diet,
- excessive alcohol consumption
The loud case of Angelina Jola who gave up preventive mastectomy is extreme. In most cases, such far-reaching interference is not necessary. In many cases, effective treatment and prevention are enough.
First of all, remember about self-control: monthly breast examination and regular specialist visits and examinations.
As important as treatment is prevention of cancer. Specialists emphasize that young women who find out that they are carriers of the BRCA1 gene should avoid using a hormonal contraceptive method. Women at risk who have a family history of cancer are advised to use other methods of preventing pregnancy.
Hormones should be turned on after 30 years of age. They can reduce the risk of getting ovarian disease by up to 50%.
How can you reduce the risk of breast and ovarian cancer? Breastfeeding is helpful. One month of natural feeding reduces the risk by 2%.